What is Agile?

Agile is an iterative approach to software development. Its helps team to deliver value to their clients faster and with fewer glitches. Instead of vouching everything on a “big bang” approach, an agile team delivers work in small increments. Requirements, plans, and results are evaluated continuously so teams have a natural mechanism for responding to change quickly.

The term “Agile” was applied to this collection of methodologies in early 2001 when 17 software development practitioners gathered in Snowbird, Utah to discuss their shared ideas and various approaches to software development. This joint collection of values and principles was expressed in the Manifesto for Agile Software Development and the corresponding twelve principles.

The Agile Manifesto

  • Individuals and interactions over processes and tools

 

  • Working software over comprehensive documentation

 

  • Customer collaboration over contract negotiation

 

  • Responding to change over following a plan

 

That is, while there is value in the items on the right, we value the items on the left more.

The twelve principle of agile

  1. Our highest priority is to satisfy the customer through early and continuous delivery of valuable software.
  2. Welcome changing requirements, even late in development. Agile processes harness change for the customer’s competitive advantage.
  3. Deliver working software frequently, from a couple of weeks to a couple of months, with a preference to the shorter timescale.
  4. Business people and developers must work together daily throughout the project.
  5. Build projects around motivated individuals. Give them the environment and support they need, and trust them to get the job done.
  6. The most efficient and effective method of conveying information to and within a development team is face-to-face conversation.
  7. Working software is the primary measure of progress.
  8. Agile processes promote sustainable development. The sponsors, developers, and users should be able to maintain a constant pace indefinitely.
  9. Continuous attention to technical excellence and good design enhances agility.
  10. Simplicity–the art of maximizing the amount of work not done–is essential.
  11. The best architectures, requirements, and designs emerge from self-organizing teams.
  12. At regular intervals, the team reflects on how to become more effective, then tunes and adjusts its behavior accordingly.

© 2001, the Agile Manifesto authors